World Health Organization

What is WHO ?

The World Health Organization (WHO) is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries, and monitoring and assessing
health trends.

About WHO

In the 21st century, responsibility for health lies at various levels – local, national, regional as well as global. It is also a shared responsibility  between the health and other sectors, involving a wide range of health concerns – equitable access to health and health care, protection from health threats, addressing health determinants etc.

More than 8000 people from more than 150 countries work in 147 WHO country offices, six WHO Regional Offices and at the Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. In addition to medical doctors, public health specialists, scientists and epidemiologists, WHO staff include people  trained to manage administrative, financial, and information systems, as well as experts in statistics, economics, emergency relief, communications and advocacy.


  • Provide leadership on matters critical to health and engage in partnerships where joint action is needed;
  • Shape the research agenda and stimulate the generation, translation and dissemination of valuable knowledge;
  • Provide technical support, catalysing change, and building sustainable  institutional capacity;
  • Articulate ethical and evidence-based policy options;
  • Set norms and standards and promote and monitor their implementation;
  • Monitor the health situation and assess health trends.

WHO and Consumer Protection

To better help world consumers on health issues, since 2005, the World Health Organization worked closely with the European Commission Health & Consumer Protection Division, on consumers health protection and law.

Relations between the World Health Organization and the European Commission are governed by an exchange of letters of 14 December 2000, detailing the objectives, priorities and areas of cooperation, as well as the procedures, activities and practical arrangements for its implementation. More specific cooperation has taken place in the context of the Moscow Declaration of 2010, whereby the European Commission and WHO/Europe have worked together in the framework of the seven roadmaps that detail their cooperation. The exchange of letters provides for an annual meeting of senior officials’ meeting of both sides.

The most recent senior officials’ meeting (SOM) was held in June 2013 focussed mainly on the implementation of the Moscow Declaration within the European region, after which the cooperation between the two organisations continued as outlined below. The positive cooperation between the European Commission and WHO continued in 2013 – 2014, both at the level of senior officials and at technical levels in the following areas:

  • Health security , including Preparedness, surveillance and response
  • Research and innovation
  • Non-communicable diseases and health inequalities
  • In-country collaboration and health systems
  • Health information
  • World Consumers on health issues


United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization established 24 October 1945 to promote international co-operation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was created following the Second World War to prevent another such conflict. Read More…

Consumer International

Consumers International (CI) is the world federation of consumer groups that serves as the only[citation needed] independent and authoritative [neutrality is disputed] global voice for consumers.[neutrality is disputed] It is based in London, England. Read More…

World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO) is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards Read More…

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region. It was established in 1989 in response to the growing interdependence of Asia-Pacific economies Read More…

World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) stands as the only global organization has legal and organizational powers on international trade. WTO headquarters is located in Geneva and has been active since 1995. The core of the organization is built up by the WTO agreements Read More…


ASEAN Committee on Consumer Protection (ACCP) is a newly established sectoral body, and will be faced with extensive and complex work programmes. Specifically, the main areas of capacity building needs at the regional and national levels will have to be identified, prioritised and addressed. Read More…